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In future modifications of phenotypic criteria. Summary The strengths of the study include the use of proposed DSM-5 criteria for distinguishing youth with AIS from NS;6,10?2 both parents and teachers as informants; large, heterogeneous, clinic-based sample; broad age range (stratified as 6?1 years and 12?8 years); and a diverse array of background and clinical characteristics. Nevertheless, we d

Past, future) but a similar context. Consistent with our hypothesis, future-oriented encoding produced superior recall. We discuss these findings in light of their implications for the thesis that memory evolved to enable its possessor to anticipate and respond to future contingencies that cannot be known with certainty. The adaptive function of information storage is intrinsically prospective: I

Ia, Santa Barbara, CaliforniaStanley B. Klein: klein@psych.ucsb.eduAbstractAll organisms capable of long-term memory are necessarily oriented toward the future. We propose that one of the most important adaptive functions of long-term episodic memory is to store information about the past in the service of planning for the personal future. Because a system should have especially efficient perform

Ese latter two conditions clearly do not. We further predicted that the past-oriented and atemporal tasks would be roughly equivalent in the amount of recall that they produced (although it would be lower than that found for the future-oriented planning task). We made this prediction on the basis of Klein and colleagues' finding that tasks equated for the amount of organization that they encourag

Was part of their memory of the recalled experience. In the future-oriented condition, the participantsMem Cognit. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2013 January 24.Klein et al.Pagewere asked to imagine that they were planning to go camping and then to decide whether each of the items in the list was relevant to planning their trip. In the atemporal condition, the participants were asked to use

Kins, 1976; Williams, 1966). An evolved system, defined with respect to functionality, consists of those component processes--and their coordinated interactions--that are necessary to accomplish a specific adaptive task. We suggest that many features of human memory systems have been designed by evolution, in part, to interface with systems for long-term planning. For an organism to behave more a

Argued that although survival is not high on the participants' list of things that they associate with being on a camping trip, survival-related thought and emotion play a larger role in planning for a trip. Since planning is the focal element of the present study, we decided to repeat our pretest with a new set of participants (N = 18) and a slight change in the instructions. The participants we

Uthor Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptThe Present ResearchIn this article, we propose that one of the most important adaptive functions of human memory is to monitor, store, and access information in the service of planning for personal future contingencies. We argue that when memory is so engaged, its performance should be especially efficient. Our prediction draws on


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